Does the flag of Mongolia symbolise the new Mongolia?

The three flames in the flag of Mongolia represent the past, the present and the future

The three flames in the flag of Mongolia represent the past, the present and the future


In 1990, Mongolia said goodbye to communism and formed a new multi-party system, with a new constitution, new market economy and new flag of Mongolia. 

The flag of Mongolia is a vertical tricolour with a red stripe at each end and a blue stripe in the middle, with the Mongolian Soyombo symbol centring on the leftmost stripe.

What does the blue colour on the flag of Mongolia represent?

The blue colour on the flag of Mongolia, represents the eternal blue sky.

Historically, blue has been associated with the Mongolian people as the symbol of open skies under which they travelled throughout central Asia. It has been related to Tengrism, the original religion of steppe tribes worshiping the sky god, Tengri. 

Flag of Mongolia flying over Sukhbaatar Square

Flag of Mongolia flying over Sukhbaatar Square

What does the red colour on the flag of Mongolia represent?

Since the current flag is based on its 1945–1992 predecessor, the red colour on both sides of blue strip initially represented Mongolia’s socialist beliefs, but a modern interpretation means thriving and progress of the nation.

What does the Soyombo symbol on the flag represent?

The Soyombo (Taijitu) symbol is a national emblem which contains individual symbolism within it. It's a special character in the Soyombo script created by the first head of the Mongolian Buddhism, Zanabazar, in 1686.

The name "Soyombo" is comes from Sanskrit svayambhu "self-created". The letter was used to mark the beginning of a text. 

The fire at the top of Soyombo represents prosperity, contentment and Regeneration. Its three flames represent the past, the present and the future.

The sun and moon symbolise the universe and the Mongolians believe that they will exist as long as the ethernal blue sky. 

The sun and moon in the flag of Mongolia symbolise the universe and the Mongolians' hope that they will last as long as the eternal blue sky.

The sun and moon in the flag of Mongolia symbolise the universe and the Mongolians' hope that they will last as long as the eternal blue sky.


What does the triangles on the flag of Mongolia represent?

The triangles pointing at the ground are arrowheads and represent Mongolian's willingness to defend their nation.

What does the horizontal rectangles on the flag represent?

The horizontal rectangles on the flag of Mongolia, stands for honesty, justice and righteousness.

What does the middle circle on the flag of Mongolia represent?

The middle circle can be interpreted as the Buddhist yin and yang symbol, which represents complementary opposite forces existing together in the universe. For example, positive and negative, male and female, fire and water, passive and active!

The circle can also be interpreted as two fish that never close their eyes, representing the watchfulness and vigilance of Mongolians.

In 1990, Mongolia said goodbye to communism and formed a new multi-party system, with a new constitution, new market economy and new flag of Mongolia

In 1990, Mongolia said goodbye to communism and formed a new multi-party system, with a new constitution, new market economy and new flag of Mongolia

What does the vertical rectangles on the flag of Mongolia represent?

The vertical rectangles represent pillars which symbolise strength, resolve and hardness.

When was the flag of Mongolia adopted?

Mongolia's current flag was adopted on January 12, 1992, with the current official colour standard being set on July 8, 2011.

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