Which Season is the best time to visit Mongolia?
The months May - September have a nice average temperature while the coldest months are January, February, November and December.
Like Europe the warmest months are July and August.
But what does this mean for Mongolia, when is the best time to visit Mongolia and what can you do in these 4 seasons.
Is the best time to visit Mongolia in the summer? (June – August).
Mongolian weather in the summer
Temperatures range between 20oC to 25oC with temperatures at Gobi going as high as 40oC. It is dry throughout the central and Southern region of the country.
Be prepared though, as the mountains and northern areas can get cold particularly at night. Bring a fleece, a windproof rain jacket and a good pair of waterproof shoes.
Mongolian activities in the summer:
If you are trying to figure out when is best to visit Mongolia, then June could be your answer.
It is usually a decent time to get out of the city and take an adventure drive to the countryside where you will love camping with spectacular scenery surrounding you.
In July, Mongolia also hosts the largest and Olympic-like Naadam Festival in Ulaanbaatar city.
Interestingly, each province of Mongolia also organises the Festival on their own in different dates throughout the summer which allows most travellers the luxury to experience an authentic and uncrowded mini Naadam.
The main Mongolian Naadam Festival takes place on 10th-12th July 2021 in Ulaanbaatar city.
A large local Naadam takes also place on 8th-9th July in Kharkhorin, Uvurkhangai Province.
Dates of other festivities change annually and sometimes aren't known until the very last moment.
Is the best time to visit Mongolia in the Autumn ? (September – October)
Nature plays its best during this season featuring colourful landscape and temperate weather.
Autumn Weather in Mongolia
There is a cool weather with temperature ranging from 3oC-10oC which brings respite to the Gobi.
However, in the Gobi Desert temperatures are still relatively high.
It can also be very unpredictable, one moment you are enjoying some sunshine and the next minute it gets very cold.
Rare snow bustles up north but when clear the varying colours in the forest in the North are very beautiful.
Remember to bring your fleece, gloves, hats, scarfs, windproof rain jacket and a good pair of waterproof shoes.
Mongolian Activities in autumn:
For many, it is the best time to visit Mongolia in October, because in the Western part of Mongolia where the Kazakh people live there is a celebration of the stunning Golden Eagle Festival in Bayan-Ulgii Province.
The festival showcases the hunting skills of Eagles having been trained by the Eagle Hunters. It takes place every year on the first weekend of October. Next year it should be 2nd-3rd October.
The venue for the festival is “picture-perfect” and you will enjoy taking some of the best photo shots in Mongolia.
Take a drive to Gobi the land of dinosaurs and enjoy the nice and mild weather while bird watching or wildlife spotting. You can also try fishing, horse trek or hiking.
Mongolia in winter. (November to February)
Is the best time to visit Mongolia in the winter? (November - February)
Weather in Winter
The temperatures range from -25oC to -40oC. It gets extremely cold with snowstorms and a freezing cold wind too
But although it is all cold and harsh, Mongolia still has its own beauty. In some ways it is the best time to visit Mongolia, to enjoy the white landscapes, the bluest skies and the freshest air.
You will also get to experience and feel of how Mongolians survive the cold winters.
However in the north, the cold weather lasts longer than in the Gobi areas. If you come prepared and are a seeker of adventure you will have an amazing experience.
Pack your warmest woolen clothes if this is your tour time.
Winter Activities in Mongolia
The most important festival during winter months is Tsagaan Sar.
This Mongolian lunar New Year changes its date every year depending on the position of the moon. Next year, the festivity 12-14th February.
It's a family event that includes relatives paying mutual visits and exchanging gifts. if you would like to experience traditional Mongolian customs this is the best time for a homestay.
You will go home with a memorable experience of the Mongolian culture and cuisine after attending it.
There is plenty of snow therefore winter sports such as dog sledding adventure in the beautiful Mongolian landscapes.
You should also know that Mongolians celebrate Western New Year on December 31 and it's a big deal.
The whole December is dedicated to corporate parties and on the New Year Eve an spectacular firework show occurs on the main square in Ulaanbaatar.
Towards the end of October and beginning of November a large Horse Festival takes place in Batnorov, Khentii Province.
The event features a parade of Mongolian horses, thrilling competitions between horseman, dancing performances, horse racing and traditional singing.
The dates will be confirmed closer to the event.
Is the best time to visit Mongolia in the Spring? (March to May)
Mongolian Weather in the spring
The temperatures range from -13oC to 15o C with a very unpredictable weather. It's a very divers season when Mongolia shifts from winter weather towards short spring.
Believe me, in spring, you can see all the four seasons in one day. Snow in May isn't unusual. Winds are strong and can bring storms.
Bring a fleece, a windproof rain jacket and a good pair of waterproof shoes.
Activities to do in the spring in Mongolia
In some ways it is the best time to visit Mongolia, because spring is the most thrilling festivals season and it's worth experiencing.
This is usually a great time to see how Mongolians welcome and celebrate the beginning of the spring after enduring a harsh winter.
On March 6th-7th Gobi hosts 1000 Camel Festival in Bulgan soum, Umnugobi Province.
On March 3rd-4th the people living in Northern Mongolia organise the largest Ice Festival on the crystal clear frozen Lake Khuvsgul in Khatgal soum, Murun Province.
On March 5th Eagle Festival is held in Ulaanbaatar City and other different parts of the country.
Important! Please be aware that the dates of the festivals may change. The events may also be canceled due to harsh weather conditions.
It is also the season when a new life begins and most herders are busy and happy dealing with offsprings. So if you come in spring you can count on seeing plenty of foals, kids, lambs, and other baby animals running around.